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Vault 7 - CIA Hacking Tools Revealed

Vault 7 - CIA Hacking Tools Revealed
March 07, 2017
from Wikileaks Website


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Press Release
Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency.
The first full part of the series, "Year Zero", comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence (below image) in Langley, Virgina.
It follows an introductory disclosure last month of CIA targeting French political parties and candidates in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election.
Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including,
  1. malware
  2. viruses
  3. trojans
  4. weaponized "zero day" exploits
  5. malware remote control systems

...and associated documentation.
This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA.
The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive.
"Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include,

  1. Apple's iPhone
  2. Google's Android
  3. Microsoft's Windows
  4. Samsung TVs,

...which are turned into covert microphones.
Since 2001 the CIA has gained political and budgetary preeminence over the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA).
The CIA found itself building not just its now infamous drone fleet, but a very different type of covert, globe-spanning force - its own substantial fleet of hackers.
The agency's hacking division freed it from having to disclose its often controversial operations to the NSA (its primary bureaucratic rival) in order to draw on the NSA's hacking capacities.
By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI - below image), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand,
hacking systems trojans viruses,
...and other "weaponized" malware.


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Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more codes than those used to run Facebook.
The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified.
In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency.
The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that,
"There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'.
Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade.
But the significance of 'Year Zero' goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective."

Wikileaks has carefully reviewed the "Year Zero" disclosure and published substantive CIA documentation while avoiding the distribution of 'armed' cyberweapons until a consensus emerges on the technical and political nature of the CIA's program and how such 'weapons' should analyzed, disarmed and published.

Wikileaks has also decided to Redact (see far below) and Anonymize some identifying information in "Year Zero" for in depth analysis. These redactions include ten of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout,
Latin America Europe the United States

While we are aware of the imperfect results of any approach chosen, we remain committed to our publishing model and note that the quantity of published pages in "Vault 7" part one ("Year Zero") already eclipses the total number of pages published over the first three years of the Edward Snowden NSA leaks.

Analysis

CIA malware targets iPhone, Android, smart TVs
CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation).
The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see above image of the CIA for more details).
The EDG is responsible for the development, testing and operational support of all backdoors, exploits, malicious payloads, trojans, viruses and any other kind of malware used by the CIA in its covert operations world-wide.
The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization.
The attack against Samsung smart TVs was developed in cooperation with the United Kingdom's MI5/BTSS.
After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server.
As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations.
The CIA's Mobile Devices Branch (MDB) developed numerous attacks to remotely hack and control popular smart phones. Infected phones can be instructed to send the CIA the user's geolocation, audio and text communications as well as covertly activate the phone's camera and microphone.
Despite iPhone's minority share (14.5%) of the global smart phone market in 2016, a specialized unit in the CIA's Mobile Development Branch produces malware to infest, control and exfiltrate data from iPhones and other Apple products running iOS, such as iPads.
CIA's arsenal includes numerous local and remote "zero days" developed by CIA or obtained from GCHQ, NSA, FBI or purchased from cyber arms contractors such as Baitshop.
The disproportionate focus on iOS may be explained by the popularity of the iPhone among social, political, diplomatic and business elites.
A similar unit targets Google's Android which is used to run the majority of the world's smart phones (~85%) including Samsung, HTC and Sony. 1.15 billion Android powered phones were sold last year.
"Year Zero" shows that as of 2016 the CIA had 24 "weaponized" Android "zero days" which it has developed itself and obtained from GCHQ, NSA and cyber arms contractors.
These techniques permit the CIA to bypass the encryption of, WhatsApp
  1. Signal
  2. Telegram
  3. Wiebo
  4. Confide
  5. Cloackman
...by hacking the "smart" phones that they run on and collecting audio and message traffic before encryption is applied.
CIA malware targets Windows, OSx, Linux, routers
The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware.
This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ("Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going.
Many of these infection efforts are pulled together by the CIA's Automated Implant Branch (AIB), which has developed several attack systems for automated infestation and control of CIA malware, such as "Assassin" and "Medusa".
Attacks against Internet infrastructure and webservers are developed by the CIA's Network Devices Branch (NDB).
The CIA has developed automated multi-platform malware attack and control systems covering Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, Linux and more, such as EDB's "HIVE" and the related "Cutthroat" and "Swindle" tools, which are described in the examples section far below.
CIA 'hoarded' vulnerabilities ("zero days")
In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis - rather than hoard - serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers.
Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability.
If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others.
The U.S. government's commitment to the Vulnerabilities Equities Process came after significant lobbying by US technology companies, who risk losing their share of the global market over real and perceived hidden vulnerabilities.
The government stated that it would disclose all pervasive vulnerabilities discovered after 2010 on an ongoing basis.
"Year Zero" documents show that the CIA breached the Obama administration's commitments. Many of the vulnerabilities used in the CIA's cyber arsenal are pervasive and some may already have been found by rival intelligence agencies or cyber criminals.
As an example, specific CIA malware revealed in "Year Zero" is able to penetrate, infest and control both the Android phone and iPhone software that runs or has run presidential Twitter accounts.
The CIA attacks this software by using undisclosed security vulnerabilities ("zero days") possessed by the CIA but if the CIA can hack these phones then so can everyone else who has obtained or discovered the vulnerability.
As long as the CIA keeps these vulnerabilities concealed from Apple and Google (who make the phones) they will not be fixed, and the phones will remain hackable.
The same vulnerabilities exist for the population at large, including the U.S. Cabinet, Congress, top CEOs, system administrators, security officers and engineers.
By hiding these security flaws from manufacturers like Apple and Google the CIA ensures that it can hack everyone at the expense of leaving everyone hackable.
'Cyberwar' programs are a serious proliferation risk
Cyber 'weapons' are not possible to keep under effective control.
While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain.
Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost.
Securing such 'weapons' is particularly difficult since the same people who develop and use them have the skills to exfiltrate copies without leaving traces - sometimes by using the very same 'weapons' against the organizations that contain them.
There are substantial price incentives for government hackers and consultants to obtain copies since there is a global "vulnerability market" that will pay hundreds of thousands to millions of dollars for copies of such 'weapons'.
Similarly, contractors and companies who obtain such 'weapons' sometimes use them for their own purposes, obtaining advantage over their competitors in selling 'hacking' services.
Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booz Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers.
A number of intelligence community members not yet publicly named have been arrested or subject to federal criminal investigations in separate incidents.
Most visibly, on February 8, 2017 a U.S. federal grand jury indicted Harold T. Martin III with 20 counts of mishandling classified information.
The Department of Justice alleged that it seized some 50,000 gigabytes of information from Harold T. Martin III that he had obtained from classified programs at NSA and CIA, including the source code for numerous hacking tools.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.
U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base
In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ("Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover.
The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport" Your Cover Story (for this trip) Q: Why are you here? A: Supporting technical consultations at the Consulate. Two earlier WikiLeaks publications give further detail on CIA approaches to customs and secondary screening procedures.
Once in Frankfurt CIA hackers can travel without further border checks to the 25 European countries that are part of the Shengen open border area - including France, Italy and Switzerland.
A number of the CIA's electronic attack methods are designed for physical proximity.
These attack methods are able to penetrate high security networks that are disconnected from the internet, such as police record database. In these cases, a CIA officer, agent or allied intelligence officer acting under instructions, physically infiltrates the targeted workplace.
The attacker is provided with a USB containing malware developed for the CIA for this purpose, which is inserted into the targeted computer. The attacker then infects and exfiltrates data to removable media.
For example, the CIA attack system Fine Dining, provides 24 decoy applications for CIA spies to use.
To witnesses, the spy appears to be running a program showing videos (e.g VLC), presenting slides (Prezi), playing a computer game (Breakout2, 2048) or even running a fake virus scanner (Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos).
But while the decoy application is on the screen, the underlying system is automatically infected and ransacked.
How the CIA dramatically increased proliferation risks
In what is surely one of the most astounding intelligence own goals in living memory, the CIA structured its classification regime such that for the most market valuable part of "Vault 7", the CIA's, weaponized malware (implants + zero days) Listening Posts (LP) Command and Control (C2) systems, ...the agency has little legal recourse.
The CIA made these systems unclassified.
Why the CIA chose to make its cyber-arsenal unclassified reveals how concepts developed for military use do not easily crossover to the 'battlefield' of cyber 'war'.
To attack its targets, the CIA usually requires that its implants communicate with their control programs over the internet.
If CIA implants, Command & Control and Listening Post software were classified, then CIA officers could be prosecuted or dismissed for violating rules that prohibit placing classified information onto the Internet.
Consequently the CIA has secretly made most of its cyber spying/war code unclassified. The U.S. government is not able to assert copyright either, due to restrictions in the U.S. Constitution.
This means that cyber 'arms' manufactures and computer hackers can freely "pirate" these 'weapons' if they are obtained. The CIA has primarily had to rely on obfuscation to protect its malware secrets.
Conventional weapons such as missiles may be fired at the enemy (i.e. into an unsecured area). Proximity to or impact with the target detonates the ordnance including its classified parts. Hence military personnel do not violate classification rules by firing ordnance with classified parts.
Ordnance will likely explode. If it does not, that is not the operator's intent.
Over the last decade U.S. hacking operations have been increasingly dressed up in military jargon to tap into Department of Defense funding streams.
For instance, attempted "malware injections" (commercial jargon) or "implant drops" (NSA jargon) are being called "fires" as if a weapon was being fired.
However the analogy is questionable.
Unlike bullets, bombs or missiles, most CIA malware is designed to live for days or even years after it has reached its 'target'. CIA malware does not "explode on impact" but rather permanently infests its target. In order to infect target's device, copies of the malware must be placed on the target's devices, giving physical possession of the malware to the target.
To exfiltrate data back to the CIA or to await further instructions the malware must communicate with CIA Command & Control (C2) systems placed on internet connected servers.
But such servers are typically not approved to hold classified information, so CIA command and control systems are also made unclassified.
A successful 'attack' on a target's computer system is more like a series of complex stock maneuvers in a hostile take-over bid or the careful planting of rumors in order to gain control over an organization's leadership rather than the firing of a weapons system.
If there is a military analogy to be made, the infestation of a target is perhaps akin to the execution of a whole series of military maneuvers against the target's territory including observation, infiltration, occupation and exploitation.
Evading forensics and anti-virus
A series of standards lay out CIA malware infestation patterns which are likely to assist forensic crime scene investigators as well as, Apple
  1. Microsoft
  2. Google
  3. Samsung
  4. Nokia
  5. Blackberry
  6. Siemens
  7. anti-virus companies,
...attribute and defend against attacks.
"Tradecraft DO's and DON'Ts" contains CIA rules on how its malware should be written to avoid fingerprints implicating the "CIA, US government, or its witting partner companies" in "forensic review".
Similar secret standards cover the, use of encryption to hide CIA hacker and malware communication (pdf) describing targets & exfiltrated data (pdf) executing payloads (pdf) persisting (pdf), ...in the target's machines over time.
CIA hackers developed successful attacks against most well known anti-virus programs.
These are documented in, AV defeats Personal Security Products Detecting and defeating PSPs PSP/DebuggeRE Avoidance For example, Comodo was defeated by CIA malware placing itself in the Window's "Recycle Bin". While Comodo 6.x has a "Gaping Hole of DOOM".
CIA hackers discussed what the NSA's "Equation Group" hackers did wrong and how the CIA's malware makers could avoid similar exposure.

Examples

The CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools.
The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for,
penetration infestation ("implanting") control exfiltration
Another branch of development focuses on the development and operation of Listening Posts (LP) and Command and Control (C2) systems used to communicate with and control CIA implants.
Special projects are used to target specific hardware from routers to smart TVs.
Some example projects are described below, but see the table of contents for the full list of projects described by WikiLeaks' "Year Zero".
UMBRAGE
The CIA's hand crafted hacking techniques pose a problem for the agency.
Each technique it has created forms a "fingerprint" that can be used by forensic investigators to attribute multiple different attacks to the same entity.
This is analogous to finding the same distinctive knife wound on multiple separate murder victims. The unique wounding style creates suspicion that a single murderer is responsible.
As soon one murder in the set is solved then the other murders also find likely attribution.
The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation.
With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from.
UMBRAGE components cover,
keyloggers
  1. password collection
  2. webcam capture
  3. data destruction
  4. persistence
  5. privilege escalation
  6. stealth
  7. anti-virus (PSP) avoidance
  8. survey techniques

Fine Dining
Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out.
The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations.
The questionnaire allows the OSB to identify how to adapt existing tools for the operation, and communicate this to CIA malware configuration staff.
The OSB functions as the interface between CIA operational staff and the relevant technical support staff.
Among the list of possible targets of the collection are,
  • 'Asset'
  • 'Liason Asset'
  • 'System Administrator'
  • 'Foreign Information Operations'
  • 'Foreign Intelligence Agencies'
  • 'Foreign Government Entities'
Notably absent is any reference to extremists or transnational criminals. The 'Case Officer' is also asked to specify the environment of the target like the type of computer, operating system used, Internet connectivity and installed anti-virus utilities (PSPs) as well as a list of file types to be exfiltrated like Office documents, audio, video, images or custom file types.
The 'menu' also asks for information if recurring access to the target is possible and how long unobserved access to the computer can be maintained.
This information is used by the CIA's 'JQJIMPROVISE' software (see below) to configure a set of CIA malware suited to the specific needs of an operation.
Improvise (JQJIMPROVISE)
  1. 'Improvise' is a toolset for configuration, post-processing, payload setup and execution vector
  2. selection for survey/exfiltration tools supporting all major operating systems like,
  3. Windows (Bartender)
  4. MacOS (JukeBox)
  5. Linux (DanceFloor)
  6. Its configuration utilities like Margarita allows the NOC (Network Operation Center) to customize tools
based on requirements from 'Fine Dining' questionnaires.
HIVE
HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software.
The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants.
The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains.
Each cover domain resolves to an IP address that is located at a commercial VPS (Virtual Private Server) provider.
The public-facing server forwards all incoming traffic via a VPN to a 'Blot' server that handles actual connection requests from clients.
It is setup for optional SSL client authentication: if a client sends a valid client certificate (only implants can do that), the connection is forwarded to the 'Honeycomb' toolserver that communicates with the implant.
If a valid certificate is missing (which is the case if someone tries to open the cover domain website by accident), the traffic is forwarded to a cover server that delivers an unsuspicious looking website.
The Honeycomb toolserver receives exfiltrated information from the implant; an operator can also task the implant to execute jobs on the target computer, so the toolserver acts as a C2 (command and control) server for the implant.
Similar functionality (though limited to Windows) is provided by the RickBobby project.
See the classified user and developer guides for HIVE.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why now?
WikiLeaks published as soon as its verification and analysis were ready. In February the Trump administration has issued an Executive Order calling for a "Cyberwar" review to be prepared within 30 days.
While the review increases the timeliness and relevance of the publication it did not play a role in setting the publication date.
Redactions
Names, email addresses and external IP addresses have been redacted in the released pages (70,875 redactions in total) until further analysis is complete. Over-redaction: Some items may have been redacted that are not employees, contractors, targets or otherwise related to the agency, but are, for example, authors of documentation for otherwise public projects that are used by the agency.
Identity vs. person: the redacted names are replaced by user IDs (numbers) to allow readers to assign multiple pages to a single author. Given the redaction process used a single person may be represented by more than one assigned identifier but no identifier refers to more than one real person.
Archive attachments (zip, tar.gz, ...), are replaced with a PDF listing all the file names in the archive. As the archive content is assessed it may be made available; until then the archive is redacted.
Attachments with other binary content, are replaced by a hex dump of the content to prevent accidental invocation of binaries that may have been infected with weaponized CIA malware. As the content is assessed it may be made available; until then the content is redacted.
Tens of thousands of routable IP addresses references, (including more than 22 thousand within the United States) that correspond to possible targets, CIA covert listening post servers, intermediary and test systems, are redacted for further exclusive investigation.
Binary files of non-public origin, are only available as dumps to prevent accidental invocation of CIA malware infected binaries.
Organizational Chart
The organizational chart (far above image) corresponds to the material published by WikiLeaks so far.
Since the organizational structure of the CIA below the level of Directorates is not public, the placement of the EDG and its branches within the org chart of the agency is reconstructed from information contained in the documents released so far.
It is intended to be used as a rough outline of the internal organization; please be aware that the reconstructed org chart is incomplete and that internal reorganizations occur frequently.
Wiki pages
"Year Zero" contains 7818 web pages with 943 attachments from the internal development groupware. The software used for this purpose is called Confluence, a proprietary software from Atlassian.
Webpages in this system (like in Wikipedia) have a version history that can provide interesting insights on how a document evolved over time; the 7818 documents include these page histories for 1136 latest versions.
The order of named pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). Page content is not present if it was originally dynamically created by the Confluence software (as indicated on the re-constructed page).
What time period is covered?
The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first).
WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order.
If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks.
What is "Vault 7"
"Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.
When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained?
Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source?
Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
What is the total size of "Vault 7"?
The series is the largest intelligence publication in history.
How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"?
Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them.
Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series?
No. That would be certainly counter-productive.
Has WikiLeaks already 'mined' all the best stories?
No. WikiLeaks has intentionally not written up hundreds of impactful stories to encourage others to find them and so create expertise in the area for subsequent parts in the series. They're there.
Look. Those who demonstrate journalistic excellence may be considered for early access to future parts.
Won't other journalists find all the best stories before me?
Unlikely. There are very considerably more stories than there are journalists or academics who are in a position to write them.
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Jack of all trades, Master of none tips?

TL;DR: I had no idea that it'd be this long or that it took 4 hours to type(ADD for you :P). Below is last 4 years journey into programming as a profession with a bunch of unlucky breaks along the way. I've developed a wide range(mostly by circumstance rather than choice) of dev/IT skills but none of them feel strong enough for me to land a regular dev/IT job. I lack relevant degree and the roles that I do get pay min wage for me to do a vast amount of things on my own, I'm in my thirties and want to change that, advice?
Adobe AIFlash - ActionScript on mobile platforms Bit of a background. Sunk myself into a bunch of debt studying for something I was interested(art/design related) in but didn't really have much work opportunities in my country at the time. After graduating(2012) and job hunting for about 8 months, my job at the time(4 years in), I got a call from Learning and Development department about a small flash game I made when I started at the company(I had been doing light programming with flash mostly as a hobby since 2004). So they brought me on to do an e-learning project, I had been playing with Starling(GPU accelerated) which made Adobe AIR on mobiles actually viable. Over the span of a year I learnt a bunch and optimized the app pretty well, going as far as to improve the bitmap font renderer to chunk paragraph of texts effectively when scrolling(ok, performance with flash was still pretty poor in some areas even with the GPU :p), I had tried to push heavy text content to be delivered by PDFs but management was against it. That work benefited since I modified the parser to include symbols/images or interactive content within the text document(all loaded externally for easy edits without compilation by staff, built a basic template engine with some pooling). Anyway, this was all under the table and once it was done to the point of proving itself as successful in field tests I was given the boot ha.
Decided if I can't get hired for what I'm qualified in, I'll get out of my job(actual one without the flash dev) and make my hobby into a career. Welp, thanks to Steve Jobs flash dev demand had really gone downhill(probably a good thing for me).
Exploring new territory - Software Testing Got into a short course that was on software testing, it was poorly taught, I was confused about one thing and told I was wrong, mocked by tutor and students, later to find out through leading industry professionals that were regulars in a google group, that I was actually the one who was right.... That course then had some "test" with little information to assist us that you'd expect on the job(couldn't get answers to any basic questions) to test and find bugs on some poor quality foreign website(supposedly actual free/paid work for the tutors clients/friends). It had gotten to a point I saw no value in it, left the course to teach myself online. Passed the ISTQB exam, went to meetup groups, wasn't really digging the career path(job hunt wise, there wasn't much opportunities based on the piece of paper and basic skills I had, most were after mid/senior or some other complimentary skill). During meetups automated testing sounded interesting though. Overall course was not worth 2k it was charging(didn't pay this though as was government funded initiative due to shortage in software testers....right).
Exploring new territory - C# Tried another short course, this one offered free entry with basic programming skills on the basis you'd make payments towards $5k once you secured a job through the education provider. Sounded great, time to learn C#! Again ran into some quality issues, the tutor who was a Senior dev made multiple poor choices that I questioned, I lost interest/faith once we got to the "group" project at the end, I didn't participate beyond reviewing the code by students and advising on where things could be improved. There was a voluntary project for a real company doing a presentation at a TEDx event, it even had a small 3 figure payment on completion. Three other students also volunteered and I was made lead. I had never touched HTML/JS/CSS before beyond viewing source of pages when I was young. The project involved tweening tweets on a big display in realtime and doing some colour transitions(radial gradient BG) based on colour associated to the hashtag paired with the event tag, and a few other features. I had a good idea how to handle that and confident due to my design studies so took the role none of the other devs wanted, assigned two to the backend and another to a simple bootstrap UI for the iPad(feature dropped as they were unable to deliver declining any help I offered). One of the backend devs did a PHP implementation but dropped out for personal reasons halfway through, the other student tried their best and got some assistance via the tutor to reimplement in C# with SQL(we had to support replays with a timescale for speakers to see how their talk was received.), I assisted where I could but was rather swamped on my end with several unexpected issues that cropped up. I ended up pulling an 80 hour week including being flown to the city the event was held at to provide on-call support.... which was required as someones tweet crashed the database!). At one point I had to quickly make a change to the site with no access to a computer nearby, I FTP'd to the webserver and edited the files on my slow 4 year old android phone. Overall great success, but I found myself really enjoying web dev over C# and microsoft technologies. The class all thought I'd be the first to get a job, I was probably one of the last :)
Self teaching myself web development I spent the next year and a half learning as much as I could about web development, unemployed I would often wake up and read until it was time to sleep, trying out some coding(though not as much as I probably should have done), most of the time it was building an understanding of various topics, analysis paralysis with the abundance of choice which was numbing compared to my ActionScript/Flash days and forming opinions to settle on and learn more about based on my own interests, what I believed/understood to be worth the time or was in demand by employers(didn't buy into PHP or AngularJS despite their job demand), I got into Node.JS and ES6. I wanted to play with Vagrant and Docker, graph databases like Neo4j, NoSQL like MongoDB, different frontend frameworks and tools(as well as the ones with node.js like express/koa, gulp, phantomjs, webpack, etc), template engines, mapbox(similar to google maps), ansible/salt and more. I figured I'd start with something small like doing the backend of the TEDx project with NodeJS and Mongo instead.
Job hunting Often when opportunities presented themselves however, I'd completely drop what I'm doing/learning and try to make the most of those(income or job application tests). Most employers through HR or agencies would turn me down due to no related degree, I'd be told I am not passionate or serious about a career as a developer. The growing gap in employment surely wasn't helping either! I had some success with an application/interview spanning over 2 months for a large company with a web department. I had made it down to the final 5 candidates, my technical test didn't pan out the best, I completely understood the answers the ended up wanting but was having difficulty arriving their based on what they were saying and expecting me to say. This was for a position that would take 3 hours to get their via transport with a mandatory 8am start. I figured if I could land the role I'd be able to move nearby in a month or so. Declined but offered an internship for 3 months to develop a dashboard to track metrics and produce a report. I asked some questions such as will I be responsible for the whole development, can I make my own choices on tech or can we leverage existing solutions instead of from scratch, would I have a mentosupervisor that I can get guidance from if needed). I was told if I have to ask questions like that I'm not right for the job and lost my chance at the internship..
Take a break from web studies/job-searching doing Lua game mods and some Python Little disheartened after the long job hunt and study getting no where, I didn't seem able to compete. I took a break from it all and started creating mods for a popular FPS co-op game. I also created a basic level editor earlier that year that imported the game data(JSON) into Maya(3D content program) with Python, then adjust it or import your own additions and export via Python to Lua that my Lua mod would import and allow for custom levels or other fun spawning prefabs. I decided to take on a challenge and do what no one else had luck with, increasing the max amount of players permitted in a networked level. I probably spent far too much time on that, got something tangible by December, and later in 2016 spent all 4 days of my easter weekend finishing it up for release, it was very popular within the community. Guides, discussions and youtube video's appeared for a while....but this work didn't seem like it'd help with securing a job in where I had put my efforts.
Transitioned from Windows to Linux full time After new years, my laptop running windows 8.1 wouldn't boot, the bootloader corrupted. Turns out it was due to fastboot feature having a random chance to cause that, I spent about 2 days trying to troubleshoot it with my phone browser. The solutions I came across were of no help, I booted into a live CD of linux and backed up what files I could to an external drive. Might as well get back into linux I thought so time to install Ubuntu and see what's changed since 2008. Lots of fun problems to solve, from installers with UEFI compatibility issues(had to learn to change this in BIOS), to installers giving me a black screen because my GTX960m didn't yet have proper support in Nouveau. Not long in I learn about QEMU/KVM for virtualizing Windows on top of linux with near native performance (93-98%) with full access to the GPU via passthrough. Sounds fun, so I learn a bunch and write notes, but there is quite a bit of difficulty following the various sources where some information is useful but others not, decide I might as well convert my notes into a decent markdown blogpost to help others out. By the end of it I had switched to Arch Linux and learnt that despite all other hardware meeting requirements, the mobile GPU writes to the Intel iGPU framebuffer. Accomplishing this at the time was not going to happen :( Continued use of linux especially with Arch involved quite a bit of maintenance and learning.
4 years since initial graduation got my first official dev job at a startup The guy I developed the TEDx project for reached out to me offering work at his Startup. Hell yeah a job, my bank account will finally see something positive :) Unfortunately it wasn't doing web development, but there were two devs working there already and I get paid to code fun IoT/home automation project stuff! Got a computer purchased at local store for me to put together and use that very day. Set it up to run Arch like I have at home, was comfortable in it now and it seemed pretty good for doing dev work on. Those two other devs didn't stick around for long, one was still doing CompSci at uni, they had been working on a Xamarin app to control the various devices in the office with, but kept running into bizarre issues. I didn't know Xamarin or C# well but pitched in where I could, some problems that troubled him were a breeze for me to solve. The other one was a recent graduate doing web development on contract, "cool!" I thought. Unfortunately neither knew how to use git, or familiar with Agile practices, nor cared much for documentation.. I was confused why the web developer used plain CSS and jQuery with all their code in a single JS file. Their HTML was based off some bootstrap template with heavy copy/paste instead of a templated languaged that would avoid the DRYness....little did I know I'd have to later do some maintenance on this without being authorized to fix it since it was functionally working to management and not worth time to refactor for future maintenance work.
Saved company a bunch of money While working there, I learnt a proprietary solution we were using, wrote documentation for it for future developers, multiple times I tried to communicate problems with that vendors software and better alternatives available while being told "deal with it, it's the best in the industry"(without any backing statistics/tests). It wasn't until the issues become glaringly obvious and the high costs to go forward with it(we were on an evaluation license) that management listened to the voice of reason. I did some research so I could back up my claims and presented a very popular and actively developed plus sponsored open source project. I spent time getting familiar with it and how to set it up, what drawbacks/limitations might exist(some features needed work but I believed I could contribute what was needed to get it on par), documenting and being sure that it was a solid replacement among the many other benefits it had going for it over the proprietary vendor solution.
Making tech choices On top of that, I picked up React-Native and Redux which was great to work with using ES6, as a solo developer with what I assume was not an ordinary workload being able to share the same codebase for both iOS and Android(plus any other supported platforms) was a great boon, the performance and dev features/speed were great compared to my other options. The choice also mixed great with my NodeJS background I had been building up prior to the job. I felt I made the right choice, setup some backend services to communicate with the larger open source project with our own additions over websockets to the mobile app. I designed the MVP app similar to my e-learning app from previous work but using JSON instead of YAML, and the JSON was generated/cached based on DB queries. The design gave a modulaflexible UI that adapted between phone and tablet.
Getting familiar with embedded IoT dev with C After that we had a business opportunity to pursue. An electronics engineer reverse engineered some products communication protocol, providing serial connection details and hex codes. It was my job to put together some hardware(Arduino) that would eavesdrop on that communication to the devices touchpad controller and allow us to control the device via the Arduino. I enjoyed learning about some protocols like InfraRed in an earlier project but this was a step up for me, I had never worked with C and struggled with the lack of features I take for granted with scripting/dynamic languages. Parsing the binary/hex output into packets and verifying/identifying them and responding with the correct timing was the biggest hurdle for me. I only had one UART serial connection to work with, having to manually switch between listen/send, with limited buffer for the bytes as well as not blocking the device from updating it's controller and keeping that controller responsive while still being able to inject our own instructions as if we were the controller or device providing updates. Debugging I had no idea how to go about, this was hardware, not what I'm used to where I have breakpoints in code and can view the current state. I did naive debugging with text logging via serial, but this was a bad idea since processing that affected timing causing more bugs! :D It was semi viable in some situations as long as the string was minimal, error codes instead of descriptions or long values.
Feelings of success I got that embedded IoT project to work as we wanted in the end, being controlled by the NodeJS server or mobile phone app, we demo'd the product to the company that owns/sells the device product and they loved it and were amazed at what we achieved. This was a client with big money and international business. I know my code wasn't great but I learnt this and pulled it off in a reasonably short time, I felt proud of this milestone, a company like that being so impressed and seeing value in what I had done almost entirely by myself(didn't have the reverse engineering chops yet). So this was going to go ahead, I enjoyed the project and wanted to learn more so I read up a bunch on MCUs and SBCs, sensors and the like to get a good feel what is out there, what we could do with them, flexible designs for a product so we could provide a similar service for other companies. Management wasn't too happy with their sole developer being distracted by such education efforts and wanted me to focus on other tasks(I did a bunch of this after work in spare time as it really interested me, side note I have a problem where I get rather consumed with what I work on/learn, I'll chalk it up to my ADD). I had done my job creating the MVP, negotiations were to go ahead, so I'm moved back to the core product.
Craving to learn more Management wants to begin beta testing on some hardware they're ordering(small headless servers), anyone(company members only at present) beta testing the product will have to fork out a few hundred for this themselves. I state we could totally test on considerably cheaper hardware with SBCs like Pi's, CHIP($9) or Pine64($29) for example...get the usual no stay out of it. Week or so later hardware arrives.
Linux, filesystems, automation and network installs My next task is to install an OS onto these machines that have no monitor output or keyboard/mouse. Automated PXE install(never actually done it before) sounds good, problem is the network availability from these machines were unreliable on boot. Ran into a few issues, but after learning about PXE(which turned out not to be viable), I came across iPXE. We got a new batch of machines, these newer models BIOS didn't support iPXE like the older ones....burned iPXE image to USB, got a serial console setup and chainloaded the kernel and initial ramdisk over an http server via ipxe script. Had issues with Debian/preseed/drivers but openSUSE went pretty well(planned to later use AutoYast with Ansible to automate the whole thing and get it all in git for traceability). BTRFS on a small SSD though(openSUSE default partition) wasn't a good idea as I soon found myself running out of space, thankfully I had been reading up on the various filesystems with pros/cons prior, especially on BTRFS knowing that was the default and how it's quite different from the usual ones(read about it often on news blogs I follow for years). Dealt with the issue but had some other problems that seemed BTRFS specific with Docker(deploying projects with Docker for the benefits it brings), decided initially I'll stick to what I'm most familiar with EXT4 and repartitioned. Documented, investigated, filed issues along the way.
Burnout, "developers are a dime a dozen", am I cut out for this professionally During that job I had stressed myself into a burnout, I've left out many other things especially on those that I looked into heavily but didn't quite get time to implement, such as CI/CD systems for mobile apps(all planned out and decided on), dev machines(zsh with dot files and package list to install, arch and osx, mostly planned out in anticipation for new devs we were going to bring on a while back), additional projects and protocols to be clued up on, project management processes/workflow(again for new devs that didn't end up happening). I felt this was stretching myself very thin, that I wasn't getting the opportunity to grow in any particularly area for my career, I was okay in various areas and understood things well, but my coding was not to the quality/speed I'd like, I was forgetting things that I'd have to relearn. I complained to management at one point I felt this was unrealistic to expect a developer to cover so many areas(web dev, mobile dev, embedded, sysadmin/devop, design/tech decisions(architecture?), etc) as common place, and task them to frequently switch between these areas/contexts. I was told "Developers are a dime a dozen". I disagreed that anyone sane would be doing all these things for minimum wage(I did like the freedom of development choices and growing my skills, no one else wanted to hire me to code, what's a bit of sanity? ), it was becoming a problem, I didn't sign up for all of this, and thought I'd finally have other developers to work with, maybe even learn from.
Resignation. Where to now I resigned from that job after a meeting revealed how little I was valued(among other things), despite my honest belief that without my efforts they would not have been able to afford the talent needed to achieve where they are today. But now I'm back to the job hunt with an obvious lack of good reference from the company I spent half a year at. I feel I have a broad range of skills, not many employers will be interested as they advertise for more honed skillsets... I might be perfect for a startup, but I'm not fond of the chances going through previous experiences again. Do I try to promote my range of dev/IT skills or do I spend time unemployed until I'm good enough for a junior role in one skillset such as web dev? I'm in my thirties now and would like to earn more than minimum wage doing what I love.
submitted by kwhali to cscareerquestions [link] [comments]

Vault 7 release info from actual files

sorry for the mess. copy paste....
Press Release Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency. The first full part of the series, "Year Zero", comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virgina. It follows an introductory disclosure last month of CIA targeting French political parties and candidates in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election. Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including malware, viruses, trojans, weaponized "zero day" exploits, malware remote control systems and associated documentation. This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA. The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive. "Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include Apple's iPhone, Google's Android and Microsoft's Windows and even Samsung TVs, which are turned into covert microphones. Since 2001 the CIA has gained political and budgetary preeminence over the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA). The CIA found itself building not just its now infamous drone fleet, but a very different type of covert, globe-spanning force — its own substantial fleet of hackers. The agency's hacking division freed it from having to disclose its often controversial operations to the NSA (its primary bureaucratic rival) in order to draw on the NSA's hacking capacities. By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand hacking systems, trojans, viruses, and other "weaponized" malware. Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more code than that used to run Facebook. The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified. In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency. The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons. Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike. Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that "There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'. Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade. But the significance of "Year Zero" goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective." Wikileaks has carefully reviewed the "Year Zero" disclosure and published substantive CIA documentation while avoiding the distribution of 'armed' cyberweapons until a consensus emerges on the technical and political nature of the CIA's program and how such 'weapons' should analyzed, disarmed and published. Wikileaks has also decided to redact and anonymise some identifying information in "Year Zero" for in depth analysis. These redactions include ten of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout Latin America, Europe and the United States. While we are aware of the imperfect results of any approach chosen, we remain committed to our publishing model and note that the quantity of published pages in "Vault 7" part one (“Year Zero”) already eclipses the total number of pages published over the first three years of the Edward Snowden NSA leaks. Analysis CIA malware targets iPhone, Android, smart TVs CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation). The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see this organizational chart of the CIA for more details). The EDG is responsible for the development, testing and operational support of all backdoors, exploits, malicious payloads, trojans, viruses and any other kind of malware used by the CIA in its covert operations world-wide. The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization. The attack against Samsung smart TVs was developed in cooperation with the United Kingdom's MI5/BTSS. After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server. As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations. The CIA's Mobile Devices Branch (MDB) developed numerous attacks to remotely hack and control popular smart phones. Infected phones can be instructed to send the CIA the user's geolocation, audio and text communications as well as covertly activate the phone's camera and microphone. Despite iPhone's minority share (14.5%) of the global smart phone market in 2016, a specialized unit in the CIA's Mobile Development Branch produces malware to infest, control and exfiltrate data from iPhones and other Apple products running iOS, such as iPads. CIA's arsenal includes numerous local and remote "zero days" developed by CIA or obtained from GCHQ, NSA, FBI or purchased from cyber arms contractors such as Baitshop. The disproportionate focus on iOS may be explained by the popularity of the iPhone among social, political, diplomatic and business elites. A similar unit targets Google's Android which is used to run the majority of the world's smart phones (~85%) including Samsung, HTC and Sony. 1.15 billion Android powered phones were sold last year. "Year Zero" shows that as of 2016 the CIA had 24 "weaponized" Android "zero days" which it has developed itself and obtained from GCHQ, NSA and cyber arms contractors. These techniques permit the CIA to bypass the encryption of WhatsApp, Signal, Telegram, Wiebo, Confide and Cloackman by hacking the "smart" phones that they run on and collecting audio and message traffic before encryption is applied. CIA malware targets Windows, OSx, Linux, routers The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware. This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ( "Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going. Many of these infection efforts are pulled together by the CIA's Automated Implant Branch (AIB), which has developed several attack systems for automated infestation and control of CIA malware, such as "Assassin" and "Medusa". Attacks against Internet infrastructure and webservers are developed by the CIA's Network Devices Branch (NDB). The CIA has developed automated multi-platform malware attack and control systems covering Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, Linux and more, such as EDB's "HIVE" and the related "Cutthroat" and "Swindle" tools, which are described in the examples section below. CIA 'hoarded' vulnerabilities ("zero days") In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis — rather than hoard — serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers. Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability. If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others. The U.S. government's commitment to the Vulnerabilities Equities Process came after significant lobbying by US technology companies, who risk losing their share of the global market over real and perceived hidden vulnerabilities. The government stated that it would disclose all pervasive vulnerabilities discovered after 2010 on an ongoing basis. "Year Zero" documents show that the CIA breached the Obama administration's commitments. Many of the vulnerabilities used in the CIA's cyber arsenal are pervasive and some may already have been found by rival intelligence agencies or cyber criminals. As an example, specific CIA malware revealed in "Year Zero" is able to penetrate, infest and control both the Android phone and iPhone software that runs or has run presidential Twitter accounts. The CIA attacks this software by using undisclosed security vulnerabilities ("zero days") possessed by the CIA but if the CIA can hack these phones then so can everyone else who has obtained or discovered the vulnerability. As long as the CIA keeps these vulnerabilities concealed from Apple and Google (who make the phones) they will not be fixed, and the phones will remain hackable. The same vulnerabilities exist for the population at large, including the U.S. Cabinet, Congress, top CEOs, system administrators, security officers and engineers. By hiding these security flaws from manufacturers like Apple and Google the CIA ensures that it can hack everyone &mdsh; at the expense of leaving everyone hackable. 'Cyberwar' programs are a serious proliferation risk Cyber 'weapons' are not possible to keep under effective control. While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain. Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost. Securing such 'weapons' is particularly difficult since the same people who develop and use them have the skills to exfiltrate copies without leaving traces — sometimes by using the very same 'weapons' against the organizations that contain them. There are substantial price incentives for government hackers and consultants to obtain copies since there is a global "vulnerability market" that will pay hundreds of thousands to millions of dollars for copies of such 'weapons'. Similarly, contractors and companies who obtain such 'weapons' sometimes use them for their own purposes, obtaining advantage over their competitors in selling 'hacking' services. Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booze Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers. A number of intelligence community members not yet publicly named have been arrested or subject to federal criminal investigations in separate incidents. Most visibly, on February 8, 2017 a U.S. federal grand jury indicted Harold T. Martin III with 20 counts of mishandling classified information. The Department of Justice alleged that it seized some 50,000 gigabytes of information from Harold T. Martin III that he had obtained from classified programs at NSA and CIA, including the source code for numerous hacking tools. Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike. U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa. CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ( "Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover. The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport"
Your Cover Story (for this trip) Q: Why are you here? A: Supporting technical consultations at the Consulate. Two earlier WikiLeaks publications give further detail on CIA approaches to customs and secondary screening procedures. Once in Frankfurt CIA hackers can travel without further border checks to the 25 European countries that are part of the Shengen open border area — including France, Italy and Switzerland. A number of the CIA's electronic attack methods are designed for physical proximity. These attack methods are able to penetrate high security networks that are disconnected from the internet, such as police record database. In these cases, a CIA officer, agent or allied intelligence officer acting under instructions, physically infiltrates the targeted workplace. The attacker is provided with a USB containing malware developed for the CIA for this purpose, which is inserted into the targeted computer. The attacker then infects and exfiltrates data to removable media. For example, the CIA attack system Fine Dining, provides 24 decoy applications for CIA spies to use. To witnesses, the spy appears to be running a program showing videos (e.g VLC), presenting slides (Prezi), playing a computer game (Breakout2, 2048) or even running a fake virus scanner (Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos). But while the decoy application is on the screen, the underlaying system is automatically infected and ransacked. How the CIA dramatically increased proliferation risks In what is surely one of the most astounding intelligence own goals in living memory, the CIA structured its classification regime such that for the most market valuable part of "Vault 7" — the CIA's weaponized malware (implants + zero days), Listening Posts (LP), and Command and Control (C2) systems — the agency has little legal recourse. The CIA made these systems unclassified. Why the CIA chose to make its cyberarsenal unclassified reveals how concepts developed for military use do not easily crossover to the 'battlefield' of cyber 'war'. To attack its targets, the CIA usually requires that its implants communicate with their control programs over the internet. If CIA implants, Command & Control and Listening Post software were classified, then CIA officers could be prosecuted or dismissed for violating rules that prohibit placing classified information onto the Internet. Consequently the CIA has secretly made most of its cyber spying/war code unclassified. The U.S. government is not able to assert copyright either, due to restrictions in the U.S. Constitution. This means that cyber 'arms' manufactures and computer hackers can freely "pirate" these 'weapons' if they are obtained. The CIA has primarily had to rely on obfuscation to protect its malware secrets. Conventional weapons such as missiles may be fired at the enemy (i.e into an unsecured area). Proximity to or impact with the target detonates the ordnance including its classified parts. Hence military personnel do not violate classification rules by firing ordnance with classified parts. Ordnance will likely explode. If it does not, that is not the operator's intent. Over the last decade U.S. hacking operations have been increasingly dressed up in military jargon to tap into Department of Defense funding streams. For instance, attempted "malware injections" (commercial jargon) or "implant drops" (NSA jargon) are being called "fires" as if a weapon was being fired. However the analogy is questionable. Unlike bullets, bombs or missiles, most CIA malware is designed to live for days or even years after it has reached its 'target'. CIA malware does not "explode on impact" but rather permanently infests its target. In order to infect target's device, copies of the malware must be placed on the target's devices, giving physical possession of the malware to the target. To exfiltrate data back to the CIA or to await further instructions the malware must communicate with CIA Command & Control (C2) systems placed on internet connected servers. But such servers are typically not approved to hold classified information, so CIA command and control systems are also made unclassified. A successful 'attack' on a target's computer system is more like a series of complex stock maneuvers in a hostile take-over bid or the careful planting of rumors in order to gain control over an organization's leadership rather than the firing of a weapons system. If there is a military analogy to be made, the infestation of a target is perhaps akin to the execution of a whole series of military maneuvers against the target's territory including observation, infiltration, occupation and exploitation. Evading forensics and anti-virus A series of standards lay out CIA malware infestation patterns which are likely to assist forensic crime scene investigators as well as Apple, Microsoft, Google, Samsung, Nokia, Blackberry, Siemens and anti-virus companies attribute and defend against attacks. "Tradecraft DO's and DON'Ts" contains CIA rules on how its malware should be written to avoid fingerprints implicating the "CIA, US government, or its witting partner companies" in "forensic review". Similar secret standards cover the use of encryption to hide CIA hacker and malware communication (pdf), describing targets & exfiltrated data (pdf) as well as executing payloads (pdf) and persisting (pdf) in the target's machines over time.
CIA hackers developed successful attacks against most well known anti-virus programs. These are documented in AV defeats, Personal Security Products, Detecting and defeating PSPs and PSP/DebuggeRE Avoidance. For example, Comodo was defeated by CIA malware placing itself in the Window's "Recycle Bin". While Comodo 6.x has a "Gaping Hole of DOOM". CIA hackers discussed what the NSA's "Equation Group" hackers did wrong and how the CIA's malware makers could avoid similar exposure. Examples The CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools. The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for penetration, infestation ("implanting"), control, and exfiltration. Another branch of development focuses on the development and operation of Listening Posts (LP) and Command and Control (C2) systems used to communicate with and control CIA implants; special projects are used to target specific hardware from routers to smart TVs. Some example projects are described below, but see the table of contents for the full list of projects described by WikiLeaks' "Year Zero". UMBRAGE The CIA's hand crafted hacking techniques pose a problem for the agency. Each technique it has created forms a "fingerprint" that can be used by forensic investigators to attribute multiple different attacks to the same entity. This is analogous to finding the same distinctive knife wound on multiple separate murder victims. The unique wounding style creates suspicion that a single murderer is responsible. As soon one murder in the set is solved then the other murders also find likely attribution. The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation. With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from. UMBRAGE components cover keyloggers, password collection, webcam capture, data destruction, persistence, privilege escalation, stealth, anti-virus (PSP) avoidance and survey techniques. Fine Dining Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out. The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations. The questionnaire allows the OSB to identify how to adapt existing tools for the operation, and communicate this to CIA malware configuration staff. The OSB functions as the interface between CIA operational staff and the relevant technical support staff. Among the list of possible targets of the collection are 'Asset', 'Liason Asset', 'System Administrator', 'Foreign Information Operations', 'Foreign Intelligence Agencies' and 'Foreign Government Entities'. Notably absent is any reference to extremists or transnational criminals. The 'Case Officer' is also asked to specify the environment of the target like the type of computer, operating system used, Internet connectivity and installed anti-virus utilities (PSPs) as well as a list of file types to be exfiltrated like Office documents, audio, video, images or custom file types. The 'menu' also asks for information if recurring access to the target is possible and how long unobserved access to the computer can be maintained. This information is used by the CIA's 'JQJIMPROVISE' software (see below) to configure a set of CIA malware suited to the specific needs of an operation. Improvise (JQJIMPROVISE) 'Improvise' is a toolset for configuration, post-processing, payload setup and execution vector selection for survey/exfiltration tools supporting all major operating systems like Windows (Bartender), MacOS (JukeBox) and Linux (DanceFloor). Its configuration utilities like Margarita allows the NOC (Network Operation Center) to customize tools based on requirements from 'Fine Dining' questionairies. HIVE HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software. The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants. The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains. Each cover domain resolves to an IP address that is located at a commercial VPS (Virtual Private Server) provider. The public-facing server forwards all incoming traffic via a VPN to a 'Blot' server that handles actual connection requests from clients. It is setup for optional SSL client authentication: if a client sends a valid client certificate (only implants can do that), the connection is forwarded to the 'Honeycomb' toolserver that communicates with the implant; if a valid certificate is missing (which is the case if someone tries to open the cover domain website by accident), the traffic is forwarded to a cover server that delivers an unsuspicious looking website. The Honeycomb toolserver receives exfiltrated information from the implant; an operator can also task the implant to execute jobs on the target computer, so the toolserver acts as a C2 (command and control) server for the implant. Similar functionality (though limited to Windows) is provided by the RickBobby project. See the classified user and developer guides for HIVE.
Frequently Asked Questions Why now? WikiLeaks published as soon as its verification and analysis were ready. In Febuary the Trump administration has issued an Executive Order calling for a "Cyberwar" review to be prepared within 30 days. While the review increases the timeliness and relevance of the publication it did not play a role in setting the publication date. Redactions Names, email addresses and external IP addresses have been redacted in the released pages (70,875 redactions in total) until further analysis is complete. Over-redaction: Some items may have been redacted that are not employees, contractors, targets or otherwise related to the agency, but are, for example, authors of documentation for otherwise public projects that are used by the agency. Identity vs. person: the redacted names are replaced by user IDs (numbers) to allow readers to assign multiple pages to a single author. Given the redaction process used a single person may be represented by more than one assigned identifier but no identifier refers to more than one real person. Archive attachments (zip, tar.gz, ...) are replaced with a PDF listing all the file names in the archive. As the archive content is assessed it may be made available; until then the archive is redacted. Attachments with other binary content are replaced by a hex dump of the content to prevent accidental invocation of binaries that may have been infected with weaponized CIA malware. As the content is assessed it may be made available; until then the content is redacted. The tens of thousands of routable IP addresses references (including more than 22 thousand within the United States) that correspond to possible targets, CIA covert listening post servers, intermediary and test systems, are redacted for further exclusive investigation. Binary files of non-public origin are only available as dumps to prevent accidental invocation of CIA malware infected binaries. Organizational Chart The organizational chart corresponds to the material published by WikiLeaks so far. Since the organizational structure of the CIA below the level of Directorates is not public, the placement of the EDG and its branches within the org chart of the agency is reconstructed from information contained in the documents released so far. It is intended to be used as a rough outline of the internal organization; please be aware that the reconstructed org chart is incomplete and that internal reorganizations occur frequently. Wiki pages "Year Zero" contains 7818 web pages with 943 attachments from the internal development groupware. The software used for this purpose is called Confluence, a proprietary software from Atlassian. Webpages in this system (like in Wikipedia) have a version history that can provide interesting insights on how a document evolved over time; the 7818 documents include these page histories for 1136 latest versions. The order of named pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). Page content is not present if it was originally dynamically created by the Confluence software (as indicated on the re-constructed page). What time period is covered? The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order. If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks. What is "Vault 7" "Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks. When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained? Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication. Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source? Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication. What is the total size of "Vault 7"? The series is the largest intelligence publication in history. How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"? Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them. Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series? No. That would be certainly counter-productive. Has WikiLeaks already 'mined' all the best stories? No. WikiLeaks has intentionally not written up hundreds of impactful stories to encourage others to find them and so create expertise in the area for subsequent parts in the series. They're there. Look. Those who demonstrate journalistic excellence may be considered for early access to future parts. Won't other journalists find all the best stories before me? Unlikely. There are very considerably more stories than there are journalists or academics who are in a position to write them.
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Apple Stock Robot Review 2015 - Is The Apple Bot SCAM Or LEGIT? Best Apple Stock Trading Software! Apple Bot By Gunnar Errikson Review

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Google Trader Review 2015 - Is Google Trader SCAM Or LEGIT? Best Binary Options Trading System.. The Truth About Google Trader 2015 By Ben Williams Review

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Base the GoogleTrader 2015 trading method. After you see it working, you can start to implement your technique with regular sized lots. This approach will certainly settle gradually. Every Forex binary options trader should pick an account type that is in accordance with their requirements and expectations. A larger account does not imply a larger profit potential so it is a great idea to begin little and quickly add to your account as your returns increase based upon the winning trading selections the software makes.
Binary Options Trading
To help you trade binary options properly, it is necessary to have an understanding behind the fundamentals of Binary Options Trading. Currency Trading, or foreign exchange, is based on the perceived value of 2 currencies pairs to one another, and is affected by the political stability of the country, inflation and interest rates to name a few things. Keep this in mind as you trade and learn more about binary options to optimize your learning experience.
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Insiders Information Review 2015 EDITION - Is Insiders Information SCAM? So How Does Insiders Information Software Work?? Insider Information System By Richard Vinner And Michael Williams

Insiders Information Review 2015 - HEY! Want To Know The EXACT Details About The 2015 EDITION Insiders Information System?? So What is Insiders Information Software all about? So Does Insiders Information Actually Work? Is Insiders Information Software application scam or does it really work?
To find answers to these concerns continue reading my in depth and honest Insiders Information Review below.
Insiders Information Description:
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Niche: Binary Options.
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Exactly what is Insiders Information?
Insiders Information is essentially a binary options trading software application that is developed to assistance traders win and forecast the market trends with binary options. The software application also provides analyses of the market conditions so that traders can know what should be your next step. It gives different secret techniques that ultimately assists. traders without utilizing any complex trading indications or follow charts.
Insiders Information Binary Options Trading Strategy
Base the Insiders Information trading method. After you see it working, you can begin to execute your strategy with regular sized lots. This approach will pay off gradually. Every Forex binary options trader should select an account type that is in accordance with their needs and expectations. A bigger account does not indicate a larger revenue potential so it is an excellent concept to begin small and gradually add to your account as your returns increase based upon the trading choices you make.
Binary Options Trading
To help you trade binary options properly, it is essential to have an understanding behind the basics of Binary Options Trading. Currency Trading, or forex, is based on the perceived value of. 2 currencies relative to one another, and is affected by the political stability of the country, inflation and interest rates to name a few things. Keep this in mind as you trade and discover more about binary options to maximize your learning experience.
Insiders Information System is a multi Award Winning Financial Software
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Insiders Information Summary
In summary, there are some obvious ideas that have actually been tested over time, along with some more recent techniques. that you might not have considered. Ideally, as long as you follow what we recommend in this post you can either start with trading with Insiders Information or enhance on exactly what you have actually currently done.
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TRADE SNIPER APP SYSTEM REVIEW - DON'T BUY BEFORE READ THIS REVIEW

Does Michael Price's Trade Sniper App System Review Work? Or Is It Just Another Hyped Up Product? Find Out The Truth About Trade Sniper Software Before You Buy!
The Trade Sniper is a basically a free automated binary trading software that gives you profitable trading signals. To use this software, you will have to fund your broker account at traders room website with a minimum of $200 to get started trading. The software can not be used with some other binary broker as it is only compatible and programmed to work with the particular brokerage only.
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Trade Sniper Software Review
Trade Sniper is incomparable trading software. By using its simple trading techniques you can have stabilize stream of profits daily. In a very little time it can convert your $5 investment to a $100. Its free, there is no trial period plus you get a complete untangled string of values and results so you are away from any hassle. Without any delay you get pinpoint signal alerts helps you decide which one to trade as many as you desire. Its multi functional and resilient software benefits you from 80% accuracy on both long and short term trading options, where as short term trading options are fruitful for regular and instant income and long term trading options are highly veracious and induce a better return.
With an emphasis on providing the most excellent customer services and guidance through every step even if you are new to the trading world and had no experience before, this software really helps you out to gain your experience through online competition with other traders. Trade Sniper System links trading signals through a communication network which is based on market behavior and conditions. It traces, analyze and foretell lucrative trades, over 120 times regularly.
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The team really works day and night to improve the software. If you check on daily basis you will see remarkable improvements every time since the last time you did your trade. It offers updated version with new features and tools that will increase the accuracy to your daily trading experience. There are reliable brokers that work to increase the chance of gaining and really not disturbing your investment until you are 100% satisfied with Trade Sniper System.
How Does Trade Sniper Work?
Please NOTE this important thing that if you visit the broker website directly and deposit the money there then you will probably not be allowed to access the software in any circumstances. The best way to get access to it is:
Step 1 : Visit the official website here.
Step 2 : Fill your email ID in the box given on the page.
Step 3 : After that, you will be taken to Trade Sniper members area where you will find some instructions to deposit money in your Broker account. Only click that banner.
Step 4 : Once you have deposited the money, you will be allowed to access the Trade Sniper Software?
The Good Points:
• Most importantly: It works and it doesn’t er what your experience level is. If you implement the system, and follow the formula, you WILL make money. Maybe not $100,000 a month to start, but a full-time income is certainly achievable in the near future.
• Anyone can use it. It doesn’t er if you are completely new to Internet marketing, and have no technical knowledge whatsoever. You DON’T need to have any prior experience with computers or business. This system will teach you EVERYTHING you need to know, to create long-lasting, highly profitable blogs.
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Bottom Line:
If you are ready to start making money online, there has never been a better opportunity than now. If you enjoy surfing the web for countless hours looking for the next hot tip, never being able to get focused, being overloaded with conflicting information, and not making money online, you should probably leave this page right now and get back to that strategy.
Trade Sniper is recommended! If you buy this product and start implementing what teaches you I have no doubts that you’ll make money. Trade Sniper works and it’s not a scam.
This is what works for me. Overall, it is well worth its price. Highly recommended! You won’t regret it! ?
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CHEAT THE ODDS REVIEW – Cheat The Odds 4.0 – Cheat The Odds Is A Scam??

CHEAT THE ODDS REVIEW – Cheat The Odds 4.0 – Cheat The Odds Is A Scam?? PRODUCT: Cheat The Odds System 4.0 download cheat the odds software
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Now Cheat The Odds 4.0 software is basically a free binary signal software that is web based but with a twist. This software has some special features that will cancel all the bad trades that the broker tries to execute in order to generate you legal profits. It’s all automated and I have been personally testing it from last 4-5 hrs.
Getting access to the robin hood software is very simple. All you need to do is fill up a form and deposit money into your trading account.
I did exactly like that…Opened an account with $300 deposit and in last 5 hrs. of using cheat the odds software, I’ve made a total profit of $175. That’s totally brilliant….And all I had to do was activate the software and make sure the computer is in ON state.
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What is Cheat The Odds?
Cheat The Odds is a very simple method that will allow you to make $550 to $2,759 or even more on a daily basis with very little work! With the system, you will be able to make a 3-figure sum or even a 4-figure sum on a daily basis with very little to no efforts at all, that’s how easy it is to use the system and make money with it!So now let’s see what exactly you will get with the millionaire system in the Cheat The Odds review article.
What Exactly Is The Cheat The Odds? The Cheat The Odds is a software that could assist gain a steady income online with binary alternatives. The software application was created to help develop a straightforward and also efficient method to trade online with binary alternatives.
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How Cheat The Odds Work? This Cheat The Odds review is also designed to allow you learn how this software program works. It had been tried for more than 12,000 users and they said that it worked amazingly. With Cheat The Odds, you now have the chance to win 8 out of 10 trades. Whether you aim for a higher return amount or not, rest assured that Cheat The Odds will let you know the right time to call or put.

1.Cheat The Odds review – What to Expect?

2.The system can be used by complete beginners with no knowledge about the market.

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Cheat The Odds Review Pros: Since a business plan is not necessary until you are sure Cheat The Odds you want a franchise and are qualified and accepted by the franchisor as a qualified franchise buyer, the business plan debate and justification for an early disclosure is invalid. There is sufficient competition in franchising and a potential franchise buyer, who on Cheat The Odds Review average.
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The Profit Prophecy Review - Is Profit Prophecy A SCAM?

The Profit Prophecy Review? Profit Prophecy System Review? The Profit Prophecy Review Scam? Profit Prophecy Review By Mark Brown?
Profit Prophecy So you’re serious about making money with your investments, and you’ve heard all about The Profit Prophecy, and now you’re thinking… Does it really do what it says?
Product Name: Profit Prophecy
Product Author : Mark Brown
Niche: Binary Options
Website: Profit Prophecy Official Website
What is The Profit Prophecy System ?
The Profit Prophecy is a system which is actually a software application which identify profitable binary trades and display it to the users in the form of automated signal. The User just need to have a look over these automated signals and trade on it, and in next couple of minutes it lead to profit. It works by applying a complex algorithm to determine the probability of winning and when the probability of winning is high – alerts are sent out. With this semi-automated way of doing trading, it allows even beginners to enter this lucrative business of binary trading.
How Does The Profit Prophecy Work?
The basic idea of this program is to help people get introduced in to the way that signals are being traded. Most people will want to find out more information about how they can customize this program to suit their needs.
This is part of the reason why everyone will want to identify the right solution that they may face going forward. Investors will likely want to review whether they can customize the different types of trades that they tend to make.
This will prove to be an indispensable asset for people who want to utilize this program to suit their needs. The program will be issuing a consistent source of signals, so traders should try to monitor these reports. This will help them make important decisions about how they should be allocating their funds.
==================================================================================== Click here to Download The Profit Prophecy Software Now! ====================================================================================
What? How It Is Free?
Yes, its true The Profit Prophecy is free, you don't need to give any money to the software creators. But its an obvious question that then how they are earning, as nobody will work for free. So here I am disclosing it! They get a small cut from your profit, like say you made a profit of $500, they will get a cut of like $30, which is very small I would say in front of your income, and BEST part this cut will not be from your side! Your money will be with you, they will get it from the broker. This is the reason why the software creator want you to win every trade so badly! So, if you ask me, I would say I don't care others make a few percentage cut, if I am earning like $2000-5000/m..
What is the MINIMUM deposit required before trading LIVE?
Once you sign up with the recommended broker, you will have to deposit at least $250 before you are allowed to trade.
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Does 'The Profit Prophecy' actually work?
Many people will say that binary trading is a risky business and tend to stay away from it. But from my experience, high volatility means HIGH RETURN OF INVESTMENT. But this is where The Profit Prophecy comes into play, the mathematical algorithm used by the software takes the guess work out choosing a winning profitable trade. You don’t have to be an expert. Like I said earlier, I have personally tested The Profit Prophecy and found the success rate is about 70%. I don’t know about you, but a 70% chance of making a profitable trade is VERY GOOD! I’ve never come across anything like this before. Keep reading, below are my results for the past week or so…
That depends on three factors:
• What deposit you start with, • How much you trade throughout the day, and • The signal probability rate (“%”) of the trades you take.
If you place between 10 and 15 trades per day (remember, “Profits In 60 Seconds” generates 1-minute trade signals so this should not take up much of your time - almost NONE, in fact!).
Doing so 3-4 days per week with a $200 account, for example, and taking only high probability signals (90% and above), you could easily make in the region of $600 and $700 per week.
Advantages:
• Highly profitable software. It has been verified that 91% of its days have been profitable.
• It has been voted as one of the best desktop binary options software over the internet.
• It is quick money where in you can earn substantially by putting in just 20-25 minutes of your day.
• It is automatic and very easy to use software. You just have to go ahead and click on the icon and boom! It starts making money for you.
• It boasts of a brilliant customer support that is always happy to help. They work 7 days a week from 8 AM to 10 PM EST.
Disadvantages:
While you can trade a lot in a day with 60 second binary options and potentially make a lot of money, you could also lose a lot. “Over-trading” is common among new traders who want to try to catch every market move, but these aren’t likely high probability trades to win. Good set-ups often take time to develop, and therefore by using 60 second binary options you may be distracted by mediocre or poor trade set-ups, missing the good ones.
Final Verdict about The Profit Prophecy??
I’m personally going to continue using the system as I think the results are positive. I am going to up my trade size to $100 and try and maximize my profits. I recommend that you get started with a deposit you can afford. And then use around 5-10% of your account per trade. So if you have $1000, you can risk $50-$100 per trade. If you have a $500 account you can risk $25-50 per trade and so on…
Since I made money I’m going to recommend this app, and if you go through my link below you will get a special bonus when you download the software using the link below:
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Wealthy Wheat Trader Review By William Fleming's System Software Is A Scam?

Wealthy Wheat Trader Review By William Fleming's System Software Is A Scam?
Wealthy Wheat Trader Review By William Fleming Is Wealthy Wheat Trader Scam Or Legit? Discover The Real Truth in My Wealthy Wheat Trader Review.
Wealthy wheat trader William Fleming has made his millions and looking to give back to those who walk in the same shoes he once did.
See William has “cracked the code” on trading a single commodity (wheat) and spent a huge chunk of his earnings developing a very unique system to automate all that work for him. After development and a lot of fine tuning he took his average trading days and turned them into MASSIVE daily earnings.
After making millions exploiting the system he is now looking to pass this out to others to use really with no catch or expense on their part.
Go here and decide if it is something you may want to take advantage of.
Product Name: Wealthy Wheat Trader
Wealthy Wheat Trader Website: wealthywheatTrader.co
Wealthy Wheat Trader CEO: William Fleming
Wealthy Wheat Trader Cost: FREE
Wealthy Wheat Trader Review
Imagine someone creating an automated app that earns you thousands daily trading one commodity! William Fleming did just that and proves that his idea to focus ONLY on trading wheat is a proven winner simply because of supply and demand.
Over and over again he’s proven with even the most novice users ANYBODY can earn sizable income using his Wealthy Wheat Trader system CLICK HERE TO CLAIM WEALTHY WHEAT TRADER BONUS
The stock has become the first thing that comes to people’s minds when you hear words such as Wall Street, money and business, markets, etc. The idea of ​​the stock, in essence, a unique and attractive idea; you can own part of the company without having to buy them all. Romanian Empire days ago people were investing in companies and in the transfer of shares between the various parties. With the advent of modern technology, the sale and purchase of shares became available to the public, no longer need people because they are aristocrats Romanians to be able to trade shares, and was able to anyone owning the stock.
With the dawn of the twentieth century telegraph devices it has emerged bringing you can know exactly the performance of your stocks. These days you do not need to telegraph to trade shares. But you do not even need to buy the stock anymore to reap profits if they are the only winner. Instead, you can buy a binary option for the shares with Wealthy Wheat Trader Software.
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What is the binary option for stocks?
The binary options depends in essence on the existence of an asset. Which may be gold, oil, Forex coupling such as EUR / USD or shares may be. Wealthy Wheat Trader System offers a variety of European equities, Asian and American to be able to invest in Wealthy Wheat Trader. Whether you prefer technology stocks such as Google and Apple, or financial stocks such as Barkley and Chase, our platform has created the perfect solution to invest in binary options for shares.
Are there any special strategies for the option of trading stocks?
The binary options trading of the shares does not require your strategy different from that used for the regular trading binary options strategy. Whether you are interested in trading intensively or follow a different way of trading, your strategy in the binary options trading you do not need to be different. For more information about The Apple Stock Robot Trading Strategies
As is the case in other business operations, knowledge of the market and understand the nature of the asset in which it invests is recommended before you put your investment. Where that knowledge will be issued when certain companies reporting profits and other major events on the timelines necessary for companies trading in binary options for shares process. For example, if Apple plans to announce a new version of the iPhone, investing in binary option for stocks at that time it may be profitable. Or if you know that the company is suffering from a difficult quarter, the investment at a time when the company issued its earnings report may also be profitable. (Remember: You can invest in binary option for the share price to fall and even that happened already and the price fell, then you will profit!). Binary choices daily to keep you up to date with all the financial news.
With stocks that have existed for thousands of years, but the recent revolution brought with it binary options. Through investment in projection of how the performance of stock prices in a certain period of time you can reap a high return through investment in knowledge.
Is Wealthy Wheat Trader Scam?
Wealthy Wheat Trader is Not a Scam! It’s The best Stock Options Trading System I have ever seen… Download Wealthy Wheat Trader Free now…
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Vibrant Money System Review 2015 - Is Vibrant Money System SCAM? Vibrant Money System By Travis Stephenson

Vibrant Money System Review 2015 - Find out the Facts about Vibrant Money System in this Vibrant Money System review! So Exactly what is Vibrant Money System Software all about? Does Vibrant Money System Actually Work? Is Vibrant Money System Software scam or does it really work?
To discover answers to these concerns continue reading my in depth and truthful Vibrant Money System Review below.
Vibrant Money System Description:
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The Vibrant Money System is a very effective way to make quick cash online harnessing the power of the internet
Who Does Not Want To Earn money Quick?
Everyone wants to make money fast. I'm uncertain exactly what took place, however in this age of high speed internet access and instant online everything, everybody is looking for a way to generate income fast too. And why not? Who would not wish to make money fast anyway? So long as no one gets hurt, there's absolutely nothing incorrect with making a quick dollar. Simply make sure that when you're trying to find a way to earn money quick you do not become the target for someone else trying to make money quick. The virtually universal desire to make money fast has actually produced a huge market to be easily exploited by any individual with a little imaginative savvy. I see numerous make money fast schemes exploding across the web, it kind of scares me a little. I need to wonder at their appeal; is that an indicator of their desperation, or is it a measure of their success? Picturing thousands of people throughout the world providing their charge card numbers and falling victim to these little tricks makes me sort of unfortunate. A few of my favorite generate income quick schemes turn up on the tv at unusual hours of the night. These are absolutely nothing except funny. My preferred is that guy who's selling 'The best Vitamin on the planet'. That individual is the funniest guy I've ever seen, and represents everything you want to stay clear of when trying to earn money fast. An excellent general guideline to bear in mind when browsing through different 'earn money quick' concepts you see online or on TELEVISION; if it sounds too good to be real, it is. You cannot generate income quick without knowing the best ways to do something well, taking some dangers, and yes, doing some work. Any make money quick offer you see that does not require any work, ability, or run the risk of on your part is more than likely a scam, and need to be approached with a high degree of criticism. I'm not going to suggest any ways to make money quick, since if I understood any I 'd be out there doing it today instead of composing this. My idea of a way to make money fast is to go to medical school, so what the heck do I understand about quick money. 11 years of education, training, and a life time of debt isn't truly a great way to generate income quick, however 11 years is just a blink of an eye with respect to the age of deep space.
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The Vibrant Money System The Keys To The best ways to Generate income There are many people who believe they do not know the best ways to earn money. Anyone can earn money once they put their mind and energies towards accomplishing that objective. What concealed skills are lying within you that will allow you to earn money?
Ways in Which You Might Generate income
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It seems that some people just have a propensity at making money. You might believe that there is a trick that they have that you don't have. The only belongings they have that you don't is the guts to take a danger. Not just that, people who are earning money and lots of it are not terrified of a little hard work and sacrifice in order to achieve their ambitions. The only thing holding you back from discovering the best ways to make money is yourself. Everyone who wishes to learn ways to generate income can easily doing this. There are a myriad of ways in which you can learn how to earn money. There is the trading of commodities and stocks if that is something you seemed to have some sort of success with, and naturally everyone understands ways to earn money by working at a routine task. For many people that suggests working for someone else and waiting for a paycheck at the end of the week. Aren't you prepared to break out of that mold and take your fate into your very own hands? You might think of starting your very own company as a way you can be one who understands how to earn money. You can have a company that will display any special talents or capabilities you may have, you can try your hand at a service that is based upon the web or a wide range of other methods that will offer you the financial freedom you have long been dreaming about.
Should I Pay for Details that Will Teach Me Ways to Make Money?
With all the details that you can discover on the internet, you may not find it necessary to spend even a single cent on finding out how to make money. You might discover all the resources required to start up your own business right from the convenience of your easy chair using just your laptop and your stamina. Those who are predestined to end up being successful are patient and don't let problems or mistakes knock them off track for obtaining their objectives. If you invest a percentage of time researching on the internet, it might pay off in spades when you discover the best opportunity you can earn money with and live a life you so highly be worthy of. Bear in mind, the only thing preventing you from ending up being a success is the desire to take a danger for what you want.
Vibrant Money System Summary
In summary, there are some obvious concepts that have actually been checked over time, in addition to some more recent techniques. that you may not have considered. Hopefully, as long as you follow exactly what we recommend in this post you can either get started with using the Vibrant Money System.
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One of these methods is auto trading. Yes, you can make money using automated trading. A popular trading robot is Bitcoin Rush app. This auto trading tool is very popular among traders. Furthermore, Bitcoin Rush app is a reputed trading robot which was released in 2013. This platform can produce an average income of around $1500 per day. 30K Income Review: 30K Income is yet another automated trading software for Forex, binary options and cryptocurrencies. Do you think you can make $30,000 within one month with this auto trading app? Do you think it is too good to be true? Yes, you are right. You can’t make any money with this dubious software. Binary Option Robot. In today’s article, our professional trader Michael Allen will teach you how to spot binary options trading scams. You will also get systematic instructions, which will allow you to trade effortlessly with the best binary option brokers (such as IQ Option) and automated binary option robot.If your goals are any of the following, then please keep reading, as this is the It is an automated app built by professionals to provide a genuine trade method to traders who want to earn money from home. An average trader can quickly earn a steady income of $1,500 daily through this automated trading system, which can easily be confirmed by the reviews being posted by users. New Binary Options Traders and The Binary WebTrader, for advanced binary options trading; The Binary Next-Gen platform, for advanced trading features; The Binary Bot platform, for automated binary trading; Mobile Trading. As mentioned earlier, the Binary Tick Trade app is specifically designed for traders who need to be mobile and not be glued to their desktop trading terminal.

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DON’T BUY Fast Income App by Kay Muller - Fast Income App REVIEW Binary Options

Welcome to our Prestige Options portal, your source for online trading and money-making opportunities. Here you'll find various sources of information to lea... http://www.loanmodphx.net – DON’T BUY Fast Income App by Kay Muller - Fast Income App REVIEW Binary Options Fast Income App is a currency trading system by K... Kevin Myhill Auto Quick Income Binary Options Trading Software App Reviews 2014 Auto Quick Income by Kevin Myhill is a new Binary Options Software.. Crunch Technology Review https://youtu.be ... Automated Cash APP is the only binary options trading software in the world that connects to this network 100% automatically and sucks out profits from it 100’s of times per day - making those ... Disclaimer: As per CFTC Rules, U.S Traders should not trade Binary Options. Investing in CFD involves a level of risk, which is why potential or total loss can be a result of mismanagement of our ...